Reproduced with permissions from Kuzmin S.L. 1999. Amphibians of the Former Soviet Union. Sofia: Pensoft Publ.
Hynobius turkestanicus, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and/or Uzbekistan
This species was named for the historic region of Turkestan, encompassing much of Central Asia. Much mystery surrounds the discovery and
whereabouts of the Turkestanian salamander. The species is only known from several individuals collected in 1909; all the collected specimens have since been lost and no other records are known.
The species range was described as being "between Pamir and Samarkand" – an area which is possibly in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan or Uzbekistan, though the exact collection localities are not known. Attempts to map its distribution have been based on the area most suitable for salamanders within the expedition route of the original collector.
Status: last seen in 1909, listed as Data Deficient on IUCN Red List