Republic of the Marshall Islands Government
The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is an island country located in the northern Pacific Ocean. RMI are the hosts of this year's 44th Pacific Islands Forum. They are also member country of the Pacific Islands Forum, have endorsed the Pacific Oceanscape and committed to the Micronesia Challenge.
Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia, with the population of 68,480 people spread out over 34 low-lying coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets. The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Kiribati to the south-east, and Nauru to the south. RMI has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 2.1 million square kilometres.
Federated States of Micronesia Government
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is an independent sovereign island nation consisting of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 km² (271 sq mi) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. While the FSM's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km² (1,000,000 sq mi) of the Pacific Ocean.
FSM are committed to the Micronesia Challenge, have endorsed the Pacific Oceanscape and are a member country of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Republic of Palau Government
Palau is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is geographically part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of around 21,000 is spread across 250 islands forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands. Palau has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 600,900 square kilometres. The islands share maritime boundaries with Indonesia, Philippines and the Federated States of Micronesia.
Palau is committed to the Micronesia Challenge, has endorsed the Pacific Oceanscape and is a member country of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Cook Islands Government
The Cook Islands is a self-governing parliamentary democracy in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It is composed of 15 small islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometers and EEZ is 1.8 million square-kilometer. The Cook Islands are committed to the Micronesia Challenge, have endorsed the Pacific Oceanscape and are a member country of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati, is an island nation located in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. The total land area is 726 square kilometers and EEZ is 3.6 million square-kilometers.
The Pacific Oceanscape was conceived by His Excellency Anote Tong, President of Kiribati, in early 2009 and endorsed and approved by Pacific Islands Forum leaders at their 40th Meeting in 2010.
Kiribati's Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) is 410,500-square-kilometer and the first commitment made to the Pacific Oceanscape. PIPA conserves one of the Earth's last intact oceanic coral archipelago ecosystems, consisting of eight coral atolls and two submerged reef systems in a nearly uninhabited region of abundant marine and bird life. The protected area also includes underwater mountains and other deep-sea habitat.
Micronesia Challenge Conservation Trust
In 2006, the Heads of Government from the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Palau, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the United States Territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, signed the Micronesia Challenge (MC) declaration. The MC is a commitment to effectively conserve 30 percent of near-shore marine resources and 20 percent of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020. Since its inception, the Micronesia Challenge Steering Committee has been progressing to support the implementation of these ambitious goals. The Micronesia Challenge is a recipient of the Global Environment Facility’s co-financing resources.
Phoenix Islands Protected Area Conservation Trust
The Phoenix Islands Protected Area Conservation Trust (PIPA Trust) is a not-for-profit non-governmental organization established under the laws of the Republic of Kiribati. Its primary objective is to provide long-term sustainable financing for the conservation of terrestrial and marine biodiversity in the Phoenix Islands group. This will allow Kiribati to create the PIPA for the benefit of future generations of Kiribati citizens and the world without producing negative impacts on current national expenditures for health, education, and social welfare. The Trust is governed by the Board of Directors appointed by each of the Government of Kiribati, New England Aquarium (NEAq) and Conservation International (CI).
The Nature Conservancy
The Nature Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization in the United States. Its mission is to "preserve the lands and waters on which all life depends." Founded in 1951, The Nature Conservancy works in more than 30 countries, including all 50 states of the United States. The Conservancy has over one million members, and has protected more than 119 million acres of land and 5,000 miles of rivers worldwide. The Nature Conservancy also operates more than 100 marine conservation projects globally.
New England Aquarium
The New England Aquarium (NEAQ), which opened in 1969, is a global leader in ocean exploration and marine conservation. The Aquarium is one of the premier visitor attractions in Boston, with over 1.3 million visitors a year, and a major public education resource.
NEAq is a key partner of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area and sits on the Phoenix Islands Protected Area Conservation Trust board.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is an agency that enriches life through science. NOAA sits within the United States Department of Commerce. NOAA's mission is based around science, service and stewardship and its vision is to build resilient ecosystems, communities and economies. NOAA has recently become a key supporter of PIPA through its international marine protected area capacity building program.
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)
The UNEP's mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. UNEP is a key supporter of the Micronesia Challenge and the Phoenix Islands Protected Area.
Te Ipukurea Society (TIS)
The Society was established to promote environmental harmony between the people of the Cook Islands and other components of their environment by: awareness raising, pilot projects and liaison with the Government and other Non Governmental Organisations.
The Society is part of the Cook Islands Marine Park Steering Committee.
Big Ocean Network
Recognizing the need to learn from each other, site managers from the world's largest MPAs met on December 6, 2010 in Honolulu and launched Big Ocean: A Network of the Worlds Large-Scale Marine Managed Areas. Big Ocean's members are the large-scale MPA sites, represented by their managers and designated representatives. Members may also invite the participation of non-manager staff from their support network of donors, researchers, NGO partners and others from the private sector. The Phoenix Islands Protected Area and Cook Islands Marine Park are members.
The Secretariat's mandate is delivered through the annual Leaders' Communiqués and high level ministerial meeting decisions. The Forum Secretariat is also mandated to coordinate the implementation of the Pacific Plan for strengthening regional cooperation and integration. The Forum Secretariat is led by the Secretary General, currently Tuiloma Neroni Slade of Samoa, who was appointed by the leaders as the Pacific Oceanscape Commissioner in 2011. The Secretary General is directly responsible to the Forum Leaders and to the Forum Officials' Committee (FOC). FOC is the Secretariat's governing body comprising representatives from all Forum members.
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme
The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) has been charged by the governments and administrations of the Pacific region with the protection and sustainable development of the region's environment.
SPREP's members are American Samoa, Australia, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, France, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, United States of America, Vanuatu and Wallis and Futuna. SPREP is based in Apia, Samoa, with over 70 staff.
The World Bank Institute (WBI) is a global connector of knowledge, learning and innovation for poverty reduction. The WBI connects practitioners and institutions to help them find suitable solutions to their development challenges. With a focus on the "how" of reform, the WBI links knowledge from around the world and scale up innovations.
The WBI has various programs in the Pacific Islands region including addressing the threat of climate change, providing technical assistance to improve telecommunications, disaster risk management, and forming in country partnerships towards resilience against threats such as natural disaster and economic shocks.